FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY PRE – MOCK EXAMINATION AND ANSWERS

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FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY PRE - MOCK EXAMINATION AND ANSWERS

FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY PRE – MOCK EXAMINATION AND ANSWERS

SECTION A: (15 MARKS).

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the item (i) – (x), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

i) What are the social economic advantages of reserved forest to societies?

A. Lumbering        B. Tourism       C. Agriculture        D. Mining        E. Forestry

ii) Mr. Jackson Chacha decided to construct a map with each 2 centimeters representing   8.4 kilometers on the ground. What is a representative fraction scale did he put on his map?

A. 1:840,000         B. 1:420,000 C. 1:420,000   D. 1cm: 84km E. 2:8.4

iii) The seasonal fluctuation of a river in its volume is known as:-

A. River capture     B. River Basin   C. River profile   D. River Rejuvenation

E. River Regime

iv) One of the items is not components of the solar system

A. Sun           B. Planet          C. Plateau         D. Meteoroids   E. Asteroids

v) The permanent movement of people with animals in search of water and pasture is called:- ____________

A. Nomadism       B. Transhumance         C. sedentary pastoralism       D. Seasonal grazing E. permanent grazing

vi) The factor that does not affect the water supply   is __________

A. Superstition works              B. Rapid Population             C. Water Pollution          D. Low supplying technology

E. Poor government support

vii) What is the local time of town ‘S'(650E) when it is noon at another town ‘R’ (400E).

A. 10:40am       B. 06:40am       C. 1:40pm       D. 1:40 am       E. 12:40pm

viii) Life expectancy is _________

A. Expected years someone can live       B. Ability to afford health cure

C. Ability to become rich     D. To live without diet problem        E. living without facing wars

i)Features on topographical maps are presented by __________

x    A. Form lines and sport heights B. Sport heights and optical square

C. Hill shading and scales       D. Piece of paper and compass     E. None

x) ____________  is the last stage in a research process

A. Data collection   B. Data presentation       C. Report writing     D. Piloting         E. Research design

FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY PRE – MOCK EXAMINATION AND ANSWERS

Question 1 Answers

1. 

i) B

ii) C

iii) E

iv) C

v) A

vi) A

vii) C

viii) A

ix) A

x) C

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2) Match the items in list A with the responses in list B by writing the letter of correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided

LIST A LIST B
I. A layer of igneous intrusion which is vertical that cut across bedding planes of the crustal rock

II. A dome-shaped igneous intrusion with a flat floor 

III. Is the largest intrusion of all igneous intrusion

IV. A column made up of very viscous lava and which stands above the general ground like pillar.

V. Is a funnel-shaped volcanic depression which forms at the upper end of a volcanic

A. Phaccolith

B. Batholiths

C. Caldera

D. Crater

E. Lacolith

F. Lapolith

G. Plug domes

H. Lava plateau

I. Dyke

J. Sill


2.

i)  I

ii) E

iii) B

iv) G

v) D

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SECTION B 

Answer all sections questions

3. Use the map extract of Mkomazi to answer the following questions.

a) Find the bearing and direction of Kwamiali grid reference 923803 from Mkomazi   grid reference 980868

b) With reasons explain three economic activities that seem to be taking place on the given map.

c)  Express the scale of the map as statement scale in meters

d) State the (2) types of transport observed from the map

e) Calculate the area covered by the seasonal swamps.

4. Carefully study the following information in the table below that shows the number of students at Luco Secondary School and then answer the questions that follows:

FORM I FORM II FORM III FORM IV
60 125 90 35

a) Present the number of students in each class in percentage

b) Draw a pie graph and represent the data provided

d) Define pie graph and outline the advantages of using it

5. Mr. McMillan is a chemist; he is interested to conduct a research about beverage to see the best drinks for human consumption. His plan is to consult consumers who were directly involved in the consumption and visit other scholar’s written documents for more information

a) What will be the best research  approach for his study

b) Name the main sources of data for his study

c) Suggest the question of his research

d) Mention other six possible sources of research problem for the similar study

6. What is chain surveying?

a) In short, explain the stages of conducting chain surveying

b) Mention two advantages and disadvantages of chain surveying

7. Carefully study the following photograph and answer the question that follow

a) With evidence name the type of photograph

b) What are the environmental problems that might affect the area

c) What are the solutions can be taken to overcome in ( b ) above

d) Name three areas where the photograph might be taken

e) With reasons determine the time at which the photograph was taken

FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY PRE – MOCK EXAMINATION AND ANSWERS

SECTION B ANSWERS

3.(a) The bearing of Kwamiali from Mkomazi is 2200 South-West (SW).

(b) i) Transportation due to presence of roads, railway line crossing  the map and Mkomazi River in the South East of  the map

( ii) Fishing presented by water availability 

iii) Agricultural activities necessitated by aid of water for irrigation.

iv) Pastoralism, grazing of animals due to available places with swamps.

v) Forest tasks (timber) and Lumbering shown by the forest Near Kwamiali.

 

(c) The scale is 1:50,000

      Converting it 1cm: 50,000cm = 

      1m = 100cm (02marks)

      ?m = 50,000cm = 

       The scale will be

        One centimeter on the map represents five hundred metres on the ground

 

(d) i) Land transport presented by available railway line and roads

     ii) Water (marine) transport shown by available water on the Southern West, mid-part and south eastern part of the map.

 

(e) Area=

              Full square 5 

              Half square 56

              Total square 33      ( 0.5 mark)

               Area of seasonal swamps is 33sq km 1mark

 

  • (a)The number of students in percentages of the total number of students in school as follows

            FORM 1, 60 = 19.4%

            FORM II, 125 = 40.3%

            FORM III, 90 = 29%

            FORM IV, 35 = 11.3%

            TOTAL    310 = 100% 

        ( b ) Pie graph should show the percentage of each class in the 360 degrees of a circle. 

         ( c ) Pie graph or pie chart is a simple visually effective way of representing data as percentage proportion in part of 360 degrees of a circle

   

ADVANTAGES

        ( i ) It easy to interpret as it make use of percentage proportions in part of 360 degrees of a circle

( ii) Easy to represent data out of 100% in proportional part of 360 degrees of a circle

(iii) It has wide variety of uses in geographical field                    

           iv) It easy to compare regions of high and low production. 


(a) Qualitative approach

(b) Primary and secondary source/ data

(c ) (i) Research on selection of drinks for human consumption

(ii) Research on beverage for human consumption

(d) (I) Practical issues

(ii) Mass media

(iii) Literature review

(iv) Policy changes

(v) Personal experience

(vi) Society

6(a) Is surveying method in which linear measurement of an area taken. And any relevant 

definition 

(b) (i)Reconnaissance / preliminary inspections / primary surveying 

     The process of taking general view of the land to be surveyed in order to get real picture of the work to be done. 

    (ii)Actual survey / secondary surveying

         Is the steps which involves observing, measuring, and recording direction, angles, distance and elevation by using surveying tools or equipments.

    (iii) Presentation 

           It involves presentation of data or information collected or recorded. The information can be presented by writing or drawing form 

FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY PRE – MOCK EXAMINATION AND ANSWERS

(c) ADVANTAGES

     (i)It can be read easily and quickly

          (ii)It is suitable for surveying clearly areas

          (iii)It can be easily repaired and rectified in the field

         

 DISADVANTAGES

          (i)Time consuming

           (ii)Not suitable for surveying large area           

           (iii)It is the oldest method of surveying

            And any two relevant advantages and disadvantages of chain surveying

  1. (a) Ground photograph because it cover small area 

         (b) (i)Land pollution (ii)bush fire (iii)land degradation 

        (c) i) To control bush firing

ii) Laws and policies should be formulated

            iii) Education should be given to tourist to conserve environment

  • Ngorongoro, Serengeti, Mikumi, Manyara, Tarangire,

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SECTION C (30 MARKS)

Answer (2) two questions from this section.

8) “The living environment in Tanzania is suffering at the expense of man’s activities.” With the supportive six points, prove this statement

9) Explain six ways of improving the industrial base in East Africa.

10) We have several sectors to nurture Tanzania development, and one of those sectors is agriculture. Support the above statement by providing six points.

 

SECTION C ANSWERS

8

i)Industrial activities

ii) Mining activities

iii) Agriculture activities

iv) Deforestation

v) Construction of infrastructure and big buildings

(vi)The use of coal and fuel oils for different purpose

 

9

(i) Improvement of transport and communication system

(ii) Improvement of science and technology

(iii) Government should formulate policies which support industrial development in the country

(iv) The local resources should be explored and exploited for industrial use

(v) Population growth should controlled

(vi) Control migration so as people should concentrate on production

 10) Importance of agriculture

i) Ensure availability of raw materials

ii) Ensure the presence of government revenue

iii) Ensure availability of foreign currency

iv) Creation of employment opportunities

v) Stimulate the development of transport and communication

(vi)It improves the living standard of the people

 

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