Concept of Reproduction
Maternal and Child Care
The Concept of Maternal and Child Care
Explain the concept of maternal and child care
A pregnant mother needs a lot of care and consideration for the best of her health and that of the child. Basically there are two types of care given to pregnant mother. These are pre-natal and post-natal care. The care given before birth is called pre-natal care and the care given during birth is called natal care. But a pregnant mother also needs a care and support after birth of the child; this kind of care and support provided after birth is called post-natal care.
Maternal care during pregnancy (Pre-natal care)
Pre-natal care means before birth; therefore pre-natal care means a care given to a pregnant woman before delivery.
Things to be done by a pregnant mother
- Visit ante-natal clinic for counseling
- Maintain general body cleanliness all the time
- Have enough rest
- Wear lose-fitting dresses and low heeled shoes for comfort
- Eat well balanced diet containing all types of food
Things to be avoided by a pregnant mother
- Doing tiresome and manual work. Example lifting heavy loads
- Taking any medicine not prescribed by the doctor
- Taking drugs such as alcohol, cigarettes which could be detrimental to the unborn baby
- Tight clothes and high heeled shoes
- Avoid situations leading to chances of contracting venereal diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis and AIDS which might affect the baby
- Avoid stressful situation
Care during natal period
Natal period is the period when the pregnant mother gives birth to the child she has been carrying in her womb for about nine months. A number of things need to be considered during natal period:
- An expectant mother needs to undergo labor under supervision of a trained nurse or trained birth attendant whenever this is possible
- If any complications occur that can not be solved by either a trained nurse or a trained birth attendant arises, an expectant mother should be referred to the health center or hospital for medical assistance
- Most births are perfectly normal but problems can and do occur. When problems arise, modern delivery facilities or techniques such as Caesarean section and vacuum extraction are used. Care should be taken not to damage any organ of the baby or the mother
- In case a newborn baby is pre-mature appropriate services should be given to it so as to help it accomplish a normal pattern of growth and development
Post-natal services to the mother and the child
These are care and services provided to the mother and the newborn child after birth. After birth a mother has another big responsibility and role of breast-feeding the child.
Also a mother should attend post-natal clinic for medical checks and immunization of the child Balanced diet should be supplied to a lactating mother so as to ensure that she gets enough nutrition for her benefit and ultimately that of the child.
Proper nutrition will help her to restore the tissue worn out during the natal period. This helps also the newborn baby to have enough milk from its mother. The health of both the mother and her child should be seriously taken care of.
Child health care
Mothers should breast-feed the child whenever possible, mother’s milk is better than any other food because of the following:
- It contains antibodies that are much needed to the child
- In case the mother has no health problems such milk is free from contamination
- Mother’s milk also contains much proteins and vitamins which are very important for the child’s growth
- Breast milk is easily digested than other milk example bottled milk. Therefore children who take milk from their mother rarely suffer from constipation
- Mother’s milk is said to contain some chemicals which help in development of the nervous system of the child
- Regular attendance of post-natal clinic for the child is very important. The child should also get immunized against different infections and diseases such as polio, measles and other diseases
- The mother should follow medical advice on how to handle the child and in case of any problems report it to the personnel concerned
Social-Cultural Factors which Affect Maternal and Child Care in the Family and Community
Mention social-cultural factors which affect material and child care in the family and community
These include the following:
- Female Genital Mutilation (FGM):This is the practice of circumcising women. It is said to have effects during childbirth. It causes women to experience pain, bleeding, and shock and may lead to infection.
- Local Belief:These are certain local beliefs and taboos such as banning women to eat certain types of foods such as protein rich foods, which could help to build their health and that of the child.
- Working especially hard work such as cultivation: Hard work may cause several problems to the pregnant woman such as miscarriage or pain.
- Alcohol Consumption during pregnancy:In most cultural practices taking alcohol is considered as a normal behaviour. But alcohol during pregnancy affects both the health of the mother and that of the child.
Appropriate Ways of Providing Maternal and Child Care for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA
Suggest appropriate ways of providing maternal and child care for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)
These include the following:
- To ensure frequent medical check up for both maternal and child
- To ensure they get well balanced diet
- Avoid sharing sharp objects like razor blades
- Counseling in order to help them deal with their feelings of loss and grief
- To avoid discrimination for people living with HIV/AIDS
- Ensure the use of polite language when providing care to them
- Wearing of gloves when cleaning their bodies and clothes
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