Tourism refers to the travel of people away from home to other place for recreation, leisure, religious, family, or business purposes, usually of a limited duration. Tourism involves visiting places of interest like wildlife, beaches, museums etc,
Types of tourism
There are two categories of tourism, namely, Domestic and international tourism. Domestic tourism i
nvolves travel within the same country. For example, when people move from Mbeya to Mikumi National Park to view wild animals, this kind of tourism is called domestic tourism.International tourism
involves movement from one country to another for leisure, business, education, etc. For example, many people travel from Europe and America to Tanzania to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, or to view other attractive things.Factors for the Development and Growth of the Tourism Industry in the World
Factors Which have Contributed to the Development and Growth of Tourism in the World Describe factors which have contributed to the development and growth of tourism in the world
Presence of Good climate Beautiful landscape (scenery)Socio-cultural factors
Accessibility of the area of interest, transportation like roads, and railway sis required. Presence of national park like Serengeti Availability of good social services like medication, good food, water supply etcPolitical factors
Presence of peace in the country Government policy that helps to develop tourism industry Religious factors People often travel to places of religious importance to seek inner peace, get blessing of their favourite gods and spiritual leaders, attain salvation before death, etc. Examples of places that are well known for their religious significance are Jerusalem in Israel, Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia, Varanasi and Amritsar in India, etc. Importance of Tourism in the World
There is a lot reasons to say Tourism is important, some of them include the following:
1. Source of foreign exchange
2. Source of employment
3. Improvement of infrastructure
4. Promotes international relations
5. Source of government revenue
6. Conservation of wildlife and environment and protection of historical sites
7. Economic use of marginal lands
8. Preservation of culture Impact of Tourism in the World Positive impacts of tourism
1. It helped in foreign exchange
2. Tourism has led to creation of job opportunities. Many people have been employed in the tourist sector, a fact which has helped improve their quality of life.
3. It brings together people of different colours, cultures and religions.
4. It leads to job creation in rural areas, thereby reducing rural-urban migration.
5. It has led to diversification of economies of countries involved in the sector. For example, tourism is now earring more revenue than agriculture and other sectors of the economy in Tanzania.
6. Tourism has enabled sustainable conservation of wildlife and the environment and preservation of cultural heritage and historical sites.
7. It influences development of infrastructure in host countries. In Tanzania, for example, roads to national parks such as Serengeti National Park have been improved Negative impact of tourism
1. Bad behaviour and overcrowding to the host community.
2. The tourists can lead to erosion of traditional cultures and values.
3. Tourism poses a threat to natural and cultural resources such as water supply, beaches, coral reefs and pollution.
4. High expenditure towards improvement of social services.
5. Jobs created by tourism are often seasonal and poorly paid
6. Tourism can cause events such as terrorism, natural disasters and economic recession.
Ways of Addressing the Negative Impact of Tourism
Ways of addressing negative impact of tourism include:
1. Diversification of revenue sources such that when the tourism industry collapses they do not suffer economic difficulties.
2. Laws and policies should be put in place that ensures the revenue accrued from tourism benefits the local community and the government in general.
3. Tourists should be directed to obey the culture and traditions of the host communities.
4. Promotion to conserve and preserve the environment
5. The laws, rules and regulations should be enacted and enforced to combat criminal incidences, child labour, drug abuse, and prostitution
6. New tourist attractions should be established and developed so as to reduce pressure exerted to already established attractions.
7. The local people should be involved in tourism activities so that they benefit in conserving the tourist attractions like wildlife conservation areas, etc.
8. There should be integration of tourist activities with the protection of the environmental condition through the eco-tourism approach.